Date of Award

1-1-2016

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.S.

Department

Electrical Engineering

First Advisor

Jun Zhang

Keywords

CFAR, human motion classification, landmark detection, UWB radar

Abstract

This thesis proposes and investigates two techniques in ultra-wideband (UWB) radar based human motion analysis. The first one is accurate human body landmark detection using UWB radars. The detection is achieved by moving target indication (MTI) and constant false alarm rate detection (CFAR). A new CFAR detection technique is proposed, namely the out-of-band (OB) CFAR detection. In the field experiment, two RF reflective markers are attached to the wrist and elbow of one human arm for reflecting radar signals. It is demonstrated that detection of two markers are feasible and successfully achieved. And our results suggests the OB-CFAR performs better than conventional CFAR in landmark detection.

The second technique aims to study on the human motion classification through the exploitation of video and radar data, respectively. Motion history image (MHI) and Hu moment method are applied to extract temporal features from video clips. Principal component analysis (PCA) is used to obtain radar detection signitures. We use k-means clusters to quantize the observation feature vectors. Hidden Markov models (HMMs) are trained with the features extracted from both video and radar data to discern the motion types. Experiment results indicate that the proposed approach can provide improved performance in distinguishing fall motions from other motions such as sitting.

Provenance

Recieved from ProQuest

Rights holder

Zhichong Zhou

File size

60 p.

File format

application/pdf

Language

en

Discipline

Electrical engineering, Biomedical engineering

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