Date of Award

1-1-2011

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph.D.

Department

Computer Science

First Advisor

Mario A. Lopez

Keywords

Approximation Algorithms, Computational Geometry, Facility Location, Pattern Recognition, Routing

Abstract

This thesis addresses several problems in the facility location sub-area of computational geometry. Let S be a set of

n points in the plane. We derive algorithms for approximating S by a step function curve of size k, i.e., by an x-monotone orthogonal polyline R with k horizontal segments. We use the vertical distance to measure the quality of the approximation, i.e., the maximum distance from a

point in S to the horizontal segment directly above or below it. We consider two types of problems: min-epsilon, where the goal is to minimize the error for a given number of horizontal segments k

and min-#, where the goal is to minimize the number of

segments for a given allowed error epsilon. After

O(n)preprocessing time, we solve instances of the latter in O(min{klog n, n}) time per instance.

We can then solve the former problem in O(min{n2, nklog n}) time.

Both algorithms require O(n) space.

The second contribution is a heuristic for the min-epsilon problem that computes a solution within a factor of 3 of the optimal error for k segments, or with at most the same error as the k-optimal but using 2k - 1 segments. Furthermore, experiments on real data show even better results than what is guaranteed by the theoretical bounds. Both approximations run in O(nlogn) time and O(n) space.

Then, we present an exact algorithm for the weighted version of this problem that runs in O(n2) time and generalize the heuristic to handle weights at the expense of an additional logn factor. At this point, a randomized algorithm that runs in O(nlog2n)

expected time for the unweighted version is presented. It easily generalizes to the weighted case, though at the expense of an additional logn factor. Finally, we treat the maximin

problem and present an O(n3logn) solution to the problem of finding the furthest separating line through a set of weighted points. We conclude with solutions to the ``obnoxious" wedge problem: an O(n2logn) algorithm for the general case of a wedge with its apex on the boundary of the convex hull of S and an O(n2) algorithm for the case of the apex of a wedge coming from the input set S.

Provenance

Recieved from ProQuest

Rights holder

Yan B. Mayster

File size

98 p.

File format

application/pdf

Language

en

Discipline

Computer science, Mathematics

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