Date of Award

1-1-2014

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph.D.

Department

Mechanical Engineering

First Advisor

Maciej Kumosa

Second Advisor

Davor Balzar

Keywords

Aging, Composites, Mechanical Testing, Ozone, Polymers, Thermal Analysis

Abstract

The next generation High Temperature Low Sag Polymer Core Composite Conductors (HTLS PCCC) can experience harsh in-service environments including high temperature and highly concentrated ozone. In some extreme cases, it is possible that the conductors will experience temperatures of up to 180°C and ozone concentrations as high as 1% (10,000 ppm). Therefore, the primary goal of this research was to determine the most damaging aging conditions which could negatively affect the in-service life of the conductors. This included characterizing the aging in ozone and at high temperature of the HTLS PCCC hybrid composite rods and neat resin. It was found that exposure to 1% ozone for up to three months at room temperature did not negatively affect the flexural performance of either the neat resin epoxy, or the hybrid composite rods. When aged up to a year at 140°C no detrimental effect on flexural performance of the composite was observed, as opposed to aging at 180°C, which had a very negative effect on the properties. The aging of the epoxy at 140°C was driven almost entirely by temperature and the effect of 1% ozone, even at that temperature, was insignificant for aging times up to ninety days. A finite element model was developed and showed the residual stresses developed after aging at 140°C for a year were minimal, but for temperatures higher than 160°C were substantial. From this it was determined that the aging was thermally driven, and atmospheric high temperatures were the most damaging conditions for the PCCC conductors.

Provenance

Recieved from ProQuest

Rights holder

James Middleton

File size

202 p.

File format

application/pdf

Language

en

Discipline

Materials Science

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