Date of Award
Conflict Resolution Institute
KAREN A. FESTE
This thesis examines the connection between Islamic religious education
and terrorism. It looks at the curricula of the Azherite religious schools in Egypt.
It examines how the curricula view the three themes of Jihad which are offensive
Jihad, defensive Jihad, and Jihad for the purification of the soul in addition to the
relations of Muslims with non-Muslims. Books which are used by violent jihadist
groups for membership acquisition and cadre training are also studied for Jihad
themes and relations with non-Muslims.
The analysis shows that the curricula are, generally speaking, a peaceful one
in its principal direction, since it obviously calls for defensive Jihad and not
offensive Jihad. Often, it deals with important concepts of Jihad within the
confines of such subjects as the Jihad for the purification of the soul [the Greater
Jihad]. Some textbooks included lessons on "Peace in Islam" and advocated the
fact that peace is the origin in Islamic Shari'a and war is the exception and it is
fought only for defensive reasons. This orientation in the curricula very much
coincides with the themes of conflict resolution The comparison between the
Azherite schools' textbooks and the books used by violent jihadist groups for
membership acquisition and cadre training shows that they are in total contrast in
relation to how they view the topic of Jihad and relationship with non-Muslims.
BABIKIR, BABIKIR FAISAL, "Islamic Religious Curricula And Terrorism : A Case Study Of The Azherite Schools In Egypt" (2008). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 44.
Recieved from ProQuest
BABIKIR FAISAL BABIKIR