Date of Award

1-1-2014

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.A.

Department

Anthropology

First Advisor

Richard O. Clemmer-Smith

Keywords

Indigenous rights, Mount Rainier National Park, National Park Service, plant resources, resource sovereignty, traditional

Abstract

The Nisqually, Puyallup, Muckleshoot, Cowlitz, and Yakama Indian Tribes historically utilized the plant resources of Mount Rainier until the National Park Service established Mount Rainier National Park in 1899. Since 1992 there have been formal, written requests by these Tribes to revitalize the harvest of these culturally significant plant resources in their original collection location. Through archival analysis, participant observation, and interviews with Indigenous consultants, I investigated the impetus for these requests and furthermore the role of Mount Rainier in tribally relevant plant harvesting. Data indicates a lack of plant resource monitoring in the United States Forest Service has resulted in unsustainable practices that leave available resources within the boundaries of the National Park. Firstly, this research determined Tribes with historical resource connections to Mount Rainier increasingly value sovereignty over their traditionally utilized plant resources. Finally, contemporary Tribal harvesting events of plant resources in Mount Rainier National Park are indicative of a movement of resource sovereignty facilitated through collaboration rather than a revitalization movement.

Provenance

Recieved from ProQuest

Rights holder

Samantha Joan Nemecek

File size

150 p.

File format

application/pdf

Language

en

Discipline

Native American studies, Natural resource management, Environmental management

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