Date of Award

1-1-2013

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph.D.

Department

Physics and Astronomy

First Advisor

Sean E. Shaheen

Keywords

Adenylosuccinate Lyase, Gain in Toxic Function, Kinetics, Loss of Function, Stability

Abstract

Biophysical tools are becoming more useful in approaching human genetic disease. The pathogenic mechanisms behind many disorders have been attributed to protein loss of function or gain in toxic function. For example, changes in the protein Adenylosuccinate Lyase (ADSL) lead to ADSL deficiency, a disorder that causes symptoms ranging from epilepsy to expression of autistic features. Biophysics offers different tools to study intrinsic properties of proteins. We have applied such tools to study the enzyme kinetics and protein stability of ADSL and two mutations (R426H and R303C) to formulate better hypotheses regarding the pathogenic mechanism. Enzyme kinetic findings indicate a) non-linear dependences of the activities on the substrate ratios due to competitive binding and b) distinct differences in the behaviors of the different mutations. Preliminary stability measurements indicate a) there is an intermediate state in the folding pathway and a fourth state is necessary for modeling, b) R426H, a mutation that causes severe phenotypes, is less stable, c) there is no evidence of a gain in toxic function for either mutation. This complete work supports our hypothesis that there are multiple mechanisms of pathogenesis of ADSL deficiency including instability of the functional ADSL tetramer, aggregation of ADSL, or diminution of enzyme activity. The significance of this is that development of an effective therapy may depend upon which mechanism is active in a particular patient.

Provenance

Recieved from ProQuest

Rights holder

Stephen Ray

File size

276 p.

File format

application/pdf

Language

en

Discipline

Biophysics

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