Date of Award

11-20-2015

Document Type

Capstone Project

Degree Name

M.S.

Keywords

North Korean refugees, Geographic Information System (GIS), policy in asylum and non-asylum countries, decreased migration

Department

Geography

Abstract

Since 2009, human rights organizations have noted an almost fifty-percent decrease of North Korean refugees reaching freedom in South Korea, when for so many years there was a steady increase. This capstone paper evaluated the decline by taking two perspectives of research, one perspective being physical terrain changes or modifications prohibiting the flow of refugees and a second approach of examining the lifestyle demographics of the refugees who have successfully crossed the North Korean border. Geographic Information System (GIS) tools were utilized to determine that in both research approaches there is data indicating purposes for the decrease -- proving that not only is the North Korean government to blame for this reaction, but policy in asylum and non-asylum countries were also a contributing factor.

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