Title

The Primary Factors that Promote Increases in Yemen's Khat Production and the Effects of Increased Khat Production on Yemen's Domestic Food Production

Date of Award

8-10-2011

Document Type

Capstone Project

Disciplines

Environmental Policy & Mgmt

Degree Name

Master of Applied Science

Department

Environmental Policy & Mgmt

Advisor

Jerry Barker

Keywords

Khat; Yemen; domestic food production; food imports; cash crops

Abstract

The purpose of this capstone project was to examine the reasons behind Yemen's increased khat (Catha edulis (Vahl.) Endl.) production and the effects that this management strategy has on domestic food production. Yemen is a third world country that borders Saudi Arabia and the Red Sea. Khat is a flowering plant native to this region that is chewed for its euphoric properties. Literature was reviewed to uncover trends and indicators that monitor change in agricultural production. These trends and indicators were applied to Yemen's agricultural and economic statistics. Results show, Yemen is experiencing drastic increases in human population levels, economic instability, and resource degradation promoting increases in khat production and food imports and decreases in domestic food production.

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