Collegiate Athletic Teams’ Perceptions of Collective Efficacy Post-Injury

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name



Graduate School of Professional Psychology

First Advisor

Jamie Shapiro

First Committee Member

Steve Portenga

Second Committee Member

Christopher Bader


Sport injury, Collective efficacy

Publication Statement

Copyright is held by the author. Permanently suppressed.


Sport injuries are a common and expected occurrence in sport. While the consequences of sport injury at the injured athlete level are well documented, there is limited research on how injury may impact others on a team. Exploratory research using actual and hypothetical injury scenarios show that injury impacts a team’s collective efficacy (Damato, Grove, Eklund, & Cresswell, 2008; Edmonds, Tennenbaum, Kamata, & Johnson, 2009). This research has focused on elite, primarily male samples, and has used sport-specific measures of collective efficacy making results difficult to generalize to other sport populations. The purpose of this study was to examine how a team’s collective efficacy might change as a result of a teammate’s injury in collegiate athletic teams across multiple sports, utilizing a multidimensional measure of collective efficacy. A sample of 25 (14 women’s, 11 men’s) NCAA Division I, II, and III intercollegiate sport teams from three different sports (basketball, soccer, and volleyball) completed the Collective Efficacy Questionnaire for Sports (CEQS; Short, Sullivan, & Feltz, 2005) before and after being presented with a hypothetical scenario depicting the loss of a teammate due to injury. Results of a 3-level hierarchical linear model revealed a significant main effect for time (p < .001), indicating that team perceptions of collective efficacy decreased following the hypothetical injury of a team member. These findings support initial research that consequences of sport injury extend beyond the individual athlete and may affect team function. Findings also extend existing research with adults to include collegiate athletic teams of both genders across multiple sports. The findings of this study may inform team and individual interventions surrounding sport injury and performance.


41 pages

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