Date of Award


Document Type

Doctoral Research Paper

Degree Name



Graduate School of Professional Psychology

First Advisor

Tracy Moran Vozar, Ph.D.

Second Committee Member

Aubrey Austin, Ph.D.

Third Committee Member

Ambra Born, Psy.D.

Fourth Committee Member

Hetty Pazos, Psy.D.


Family therapy, Complex trauma, Post-traumatic stress disorder, Multi-family group, Group therapy

Publication Statement

Copyright held by the author. User is responsible for all copyright compliance.

Copyright Statement / License for Reuse

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


This paper presents evidence that supports the need to create and implement a trauma-focused multi-family group curriculum. The introduction provides a broad definition of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as well as a definition of complex trauma. The paper also reviews research for trauma-specific evidence-based interventions for individual, group, and multi-family group psychotherapy. A curriculum that involves multi-family support, family therapy, age-specific group treatment, and individual therapy is presented. In addition, limitations and future and multicultural considerations are discussed.


47 pgs

Paper Method

Theoretical Analysis and Synthesis