Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) In An Adult Offender Population: Making The Case For Trauma-Informed Tr
Date of Award
Graduate School of Professional Psychology
First Committee Member
Second Committee Member
Offender Population; Trauma; Recidivism; Forensic Treatment; Trauma; Recidivism; Forensic Treatment
This study examined the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACE) in the adult offender population and the relationship between these adverse childhood experiences and risk factors for recidivism, including homelessness, animal cruelty, and substance abuse. The sample consisted of a random sample of 130 offenders receiving outpatient therapy services as a condition of their supervision through a private treatment company in Denver, Colorado. Participants in the study were predominantly White, Latino/a, or Black/African-American and were primarily between the ages of 18 and 60. Results showed that the majority of the participants (83%) reported experiencing at least one category of adverse childhood experiences, 37% reported ≥ four experiences, and 7% reported ≥ eight experiences. There was a positive correlation between Total ACE Score and number of criminal convictions (r = .271, p < .01), and the ACE Score was found to be higher for individuals who endorsed a history of substance abuse, homelessness, witnessing and perpetrating animal abuse. These findings provide support for the need to incorporate trauma-focused interventions into the forensic mental health treatment. Furthermore, the results have implications for the interpretation and implementation of the principles identified in the Risk-Need-Responsivity model; a widely accepted model for forensic treatment.
Wallerstein, Leah, "Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) In An Adult Offender Population: Making The Case For Trauma-Informed Tr" (2014). Graduate School of Professional Psychology: Doctoral Papers and Masters Projects. 42.