Date of Award


Document Type

Doctoral Research Paper

Degree Name



Graduate School of Professional Psychology

First Advisor

Apryl A. Alexander, Psy.D.

Second Advisor

Henrietta Pazos, Psy.D.

Third Advisor

Robert Atwell, Psy.D.


Black mental health, Stigma, African psychology, Religion, Black psychology

Publication Statement

Copyright is held by the author. User is responsible for all copyright compliance.


While the societal stigma on mental illness deters people from seeking mental health services, there is limited research on how Black personality and cultural practices may impact stigma and Black mental health (NAMI, 2020). In an attempt to identify protective and risk factors for internalized stigma and Black mental health, the present study examined 416 Black adults in Colorado and identified significant relationships between African Self-Consciousness, internalized stigma of mental illness, religiosity, and mental health functioning. Results showed that having a strong African-centered identity and religious grounding are associated with less internalized stigma and difficulty in functioning and mental health concerns.


36 pgs

Paper Method

Empirical - Qualitative

Available for download on Thursday, August 31, 2023