Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name



Quantitative Research Methods

First Advisor

Elizabeth Anderson

Second Advisor

Nicholas Cutforth

Third Advisor

Elaine Belansky

Fourth Advisor

Jennifer Bellamy


Adverse childhood experiences, ANOVA, Internal and external behavior, Linear regression, Moderation


This study intends to explore the intersection of two vulnerable populations, early childhood development and risks associated with exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). This study examines how age plays a role in the long-term relationship between ACEs and internal and external behaviors. This study seeks to answer the question of: How does age influence the relationship between number of ACEs and internal and external behaviors? The participants in this study include those aged 0 – 16 from the National Survey of Child and adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW) dataset. The NSCAW study consists of five waves of data where Wave I and V will be used for the analyses. This study used multiply analyses: simple linear regression, ANOVA, and moderation to answer the research question. There are three main variables used: age, ACEs, and internal and external behavior. Results showed that there was a dose-response relationship between ACEs total score and internal and external behaviors total score. Age does influence the relationship. Examination of an interaction plot indicated that the effects of adversities can be more detrimental to those who are younger in age. Targeted preventions and interventions are needed to help reduce exposure to adversities, reduce the long-term negative health impact, and provide mental health services to those who have experienced adversities.

Publication Statement

Copyright is held by the author. User is responsible for all copyright compliance.


Received from ProQuest

Rights holder

Jennifer Thomas

File size

62 p.

File format





Psychology, Statistics