Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name



Josef Korbel School of International Studies

First Advisor

Rachel Epstein, Ph.D.


Gold standard, Jordan, Nuclear cooperation agreements, Realism, United Arab Emirates


As one of about eight countries that supply nuclear materials and equipment for nuclear energy development to the rest of the world, the United States also requires some of the most stringent nonproliferation measures of its prospective clients. In 2009, the United States signed a nuclear cooperation agreement with the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Under the terms of the agreement, the UAE foreswore developing sensitive fuel cycle technologies on its own soil in exchange for the ability to receive U.S.-origin materials and equipment. The Kingdom of Jordan is also seeking to develop a nuclear energy program in the face of its growing energy needs. However, it has refused to sign an agreement with the same restrictive terms as the UAE’s. This thesis seeks to understand why the UAE has signed an agreement while Jordan has not. It argues that the driver of the different outcomes is the two countries’ respective power positions in the international system. This preliminary result seems to imply that contrary to some vigorous arguments in the U.S. policymaking community, the U.S. will have less leverage over global nonproliferation policy if it adopts a one-size-fits-all nuclear trade policy.

Publication Statement

Copyright is held by the author. User is responsible for all copyright compliance.


Received from ProQuest

Rights holder

Erica N. Fein

File size

64 p.

File format





International relations