Date of Award


Document Type

Masters Capstone Project

Degree Name

M.S. in Geographic Information Science

Organizational Unit

College of Natural Science and Mathematics, Geography and the Environment


Geography, Infrastructure, Urban planning, Water and wastewater


According to, “As of 2018, there are 19,495 incorporated cities, towns and villages in the United States. Of those, 14,768 have populations below 5,000. Only ten have populations above 1 million and none are above 10 million. There are 310 cities considered at least medium cities with populations of 100,000 or more.” According to the U.S Census Bureau stats, “about 80% of the United States population lives in urban areas.” Within these cities or towns are underground utility infrastructures such as water lines and sewer pipes. For years cities have stored in files and boxes these construction plans explaining how, where and when these underground lines and pipes were installed. After years of storage these documents begin to degrade, reducing readability and becoming more cumbersome to store and access. Nonetheless, when issues or new projects arise, these are the documents that need to be referenced. The degradation and accessibility of these documents create many issues for the public works departments of these municipalities. For example, during a watermain break, to shut off the correct water valve, technicians must know how the line was installed. This information may be on archived as-built plans. This project defines the implementation of GIS in the Village of Grand Ridge, Illinois and will reveal that the town has saved money annually in repairs and day to day maintenance.

Copyright Date


Copyright Statement / License for Reuse

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Publication Statement

Copyright held by the author. User is responsible for all copyright compliance.

Rights Holder

Nick Harsted


Received from author

File Format



English (eng)


34 pgs

File Size

1.4 MB