Assessment of Natural and Manmade Materials in US Artificial Reef Programs
Date of Award
Environmental Policy & Mgmt
Master of Applied Science
Environmental Policy And Management
Artificial Reef; Artificial reef materials; Marine Science; Reef remediation; Rigs-to-Reefs
Natural coral reefs are in a state of serious decline worldwide. The pressures of over fishing, recreational activities, environmental pollutants, and global warming have stressed these marine ecosystems to the breaking point. One of the oldest methods of augmenting natural reef systems is the implementation of artificial reefs. These projects are not as simple as dumping waste or scrap materials in offshore areas. Proper material selection is vital to produce a healthy artificial marine habitat that is completed on schedule and on budget. This Capstone Project will evaluate the most commonly used materials and provide a comparison of their strengths and weaknesses. This comparison provides a valuable tool for project managers as they begin the reef planning process.
Engle, John, "Assessment of Natural and Manmade Materials in US Artificial Reef Programs" (2008). University College: Environmental Policy Management Capstones. 202.