Florida's constructed wetlands: The effects of their failures on existing ecosystems
Date of Award
Environmental Policy & Mgmt
Master of Applied Science
Environmental Policy And Management
Constructed wetlands; Constructed wetlands -- Florida; Failed mitigation projects; Florida failed wetland projects; Florida mitigation projects; Man-made wetlands; Mitigation projects; Section 404; Wetland ecology -- Florida; Wetland mitigation -- Florida; Wetland restoration -- Florida; Wetlands
Florida's wetlands have been drained and filled for purposes of urban development, farmland and other development activities necessary for human survival. Like the Clean Water Act's Section 404, 33 U.S.C. 1344, the State of Florida's wetland mitigation rules can be interpreted as guidelines with options to offset adverse impacts as a result of unavoidable wetland losses, rather than firm requirements with stipulated penalties. The combination of ambiguous wetland mitigation rules, inadequate planning and design and lack of long-term effective monitoring have led to many constructed wetland projects failure. Constructed wetland failures have led to ecological effects such as flooding, loss of important wildlife species and introduction of invasive species. However, recommendations to improve the Florida's wetland mitigation rules are provided.
Brown, Jocelyn, "Florida's constructed wetlands: The effects of their failures on existing ecosystems" (2007). Environmental Policy Management. 209.