A Model and its Application for Small-Scale Development Projects in Underdeveloped Countries to Enhance Environmental Health and Safety

Date of Award


Document Type

Capstone Project


Environmental Policy & Mgmt

Degree Name

Master of Applied Science


Environmental Policy & Mgmt


Leonard Pasquini


Developing Country; Engineering Development; Engineers Without Borders; Millenium Developmental Goals; Sustainable Development


Successful implementation of small-scale development projects will raise the standard of living for current and future inhabitants of developing countries. Current methods for small-scale development were analyzed and led to the creation of a new method, a model that incorporates success factors from various existing methods. Four key factors were identified as vital to successful small-scale project implementation: 1) economic sustainability, 2) technological suitability, 3) cultural respect and compatibility, and 4) community support and cooperation throughout the project's lifetime. This newly developed model was tested on an engineering development program in the remote village of Tsito Awudome, Ghana. This model can be used by development organizations to facilitate program planning and environmentally sustainable implementation in any part of the world.

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