Title

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) In An Adult Offender Population: Making The Case For Trauma-Informed Tr

Date of Award

6-2014

Document Type

Doctoral Capstone

Degree Name

Psy.D.

Department

Graduate School of Professional Psychology

First Advisor

Lavita Nadkarni

First Committee Member

Ragnar Storaasli

Second Committee Member

Elizabeth Sather

Keywords

Offender Population; Trauma; Recidivism; Forensic Treatment; Trauma; Recidivism; Forensic Treatment

Abstract

This study examined the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACE) in the adult offender population and the relationship between these adverse childhood experiences and risk factors for recidivism, including homelessness, animal cruelty, and substance abuse. The sample consisted of a random sample of 130 offenders receiving outpatient therapy services as a condition of their supervision through a private treatment company in Denver, Colorado. Participants in the study were predominantly White, Latino/a, or Black/African-American and were primarily between the ages of 18 and 60. Results showed that the majority of the participants (83%) reported experiencing at least one category of adverse childhood experiences, 37% reported ≥ four experiences, and 7% reported ≥ eight experiences. There was a positive correlation between Total ACE Score and number of criminal convictions (r = .271, p < .01), and the ACE Score was found to be higher for individuals who endorsed a history of substance abuse, homelessness, witnessing and perpetrating animal abuse. These findings provide support for the need to incorporate trauma-focused interventions into the forensic mental health treatment. Furthermore, the results have implications for the interpretation and implementation of the principles identified in the Risk-Need-Responsivity model; a widely accepted model for forensic treatment.

Comments

Copyright is held by the author. Permanently suppressed.

Extent

32 pages

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