Date of Award

1-1-2017

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.A.

Department

Economics

First Advisor

Yavuz Yaşar

Keywords

Education, Equity, Expenditures, Turkey

Abstract

Turkish government, under the rule of Justice and Development Party (Turkish: Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi, AKP), (2002-2017) has conducted many educational reforms. Different researchers have evaluated effectiveness of those policies differently. Some claim that policies result in a more inclusive and diverse educational system, others argue that the reforms would rekindle child labor, increase child brides and condemn girls to illiteracy. In our research we measure the effects of educational reforms on equity in financing education (i.e., out-of-pocket expenditures).

After estimating Gini, Concentration and Kakwani indices, and graphing Lorenz and Concentration curves, we find out that education financing in Turkey is regressive. Since the year of 2004 there have been no significant improvements: neither in the income equality levels, nor in the distribution of education financing. The poorest quintiles have the highest shares of education expenditure, and the high school education is the most inequitable. Our results conflict with the claim that Turkey became more accessible to poor and the education policies have decreased the inequality.

Provenance

Recieved from ProQuest

Rights holder

Elene Murvanidze

File size

92 p.

File format

application/pdf

Language

en

Discipline

Economics, Education

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