Title

Carbon Sequestration, Sustainable Development and the Kyoto Protocol's Clean Development Mechanism: Implications for Reforestation Projects in Afghanistan

Date of Award

2-16-2009

Document Type

Capstone Project

Disciplines

Environmental Policy & Mgmt

Degree Name

Master of Applied Science

Department

Environmental Policy & Mgmt

Advisor

Jerry Barker

Keywords

Afghanistan; Carbon credits; Carbon sequestration; Clean Development Mechanism; Deodar cedar; Kyoto Protocol; Pistachio; Reforestation; Sustainable development

Abstract

Afghanistan's pistachio woodlands and cedar forests have undergone severe degradation since 1977 due to over two decades of warfare, lack of governance, and drought. Minimal funding is available for rehabilitation. Kyoto Protocol's Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) allows developed nations achieve legally binding greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets by investing in emissions reduction projects in developing nations. Such projects simultaneously assist the developing nations with sustainable development objectives. This Capstone determines the total hectares of pistachio woodlands and cedar forests eligible for reforestation under CDM and demonstrates the associated environmental and socioeconomic benefits.

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