The Experience of Minority Female Coaches Within Intercollegiate Athletics

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name



Graduate School of Professional Psychology

First Advisor

Mark Aoyagi

First Committee Member

Shelly Smith-Acuna

Second Committee Member

Steve Portenga


Minority, Qualitative research, Behavior CBT, Black, Lesbian, Coaches, Student athletes, Racism, Sexism, Homonegativity, Women, Athletics

Publication Statement

Copyright is held by the author. Permanently suppressed.


It has been suggested that the United States has shown an increase of acceptance and positive attitudes toward diverse cultures and populations. However, there continues to be a drought in research that examines the experience of minority women. In addition, few studies have focused on minority female coaches within athletic environments, which have been known to be both heterosexist and homonegative (Griffin, 1992; Griffin, 1998; Krane, 1996; Krane & Barber, 2003; Krane & Barber, 2005; Roper & Halloran, 2007; Schreibstein, 2010). A person who holds a minority identity has been defined by this paper as belonging to an underrepresented group, including: race, ethnicity, gender, disability, age, religion, and/or sexual orientation. This study, in particular, focused on three specific minority groups: race, gender, and sexual orientation. The proposed study assessed the experiences, challenges, and strategies to overcome obstacles of female coaches who hold minority statuses within National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletic departments.


52 pages

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