Development of U.S. Norms for Affective Quality in the Crisi Wartegg System


Alyssa Weber

Date of Award


Document Type

Undergraduate Capstone Project

Degree Name


Organizational Unit

Graduate School of Professional Psychology

First Advisor

Hale Martin

Second Advisor

Lavita Nadkarni


Wartegg drawing completion test, Affective quality, Personality assessment


The purpose of this study was to develop American normative data to be used in the Crisi Wartegg System (CWS), a scoring system developed for a performance-based assessment measure widely used in Europe and South America. The CWS is gaining popularity in the United States (U.S.), thus creating normative data would increase the validity and utility of this instrument in the U.S. The present study focused on developing normative data specifically for Affective Quality (AQ), an important scoring category in the CWS. AQ scores provide information regarding an individual’s ability to recognize, appreciate, and express his/her emotional experiences. Emotional functioning varies across cultures, making it important to develop normative data tailored to American examinees. Participants were recruited through an email invitation distributed to graduate psychology programs across the U.S. Participation included a brief online survey that took approximately ten minutes to complete, in which respondents were asked to rate a number of terms based on the emotional quality each term elicited. Analyses revealed differences for approximately one-third of the AQ ratings in the current study compared to the original AQ ratings in the CWS developed in Italy. Results suggest a need for altering scoring guidelines to fit American subjects. Further research with a larger and more representative sample will improve the generalizability of the results and inform alterations to the scoring criteria.

Publication Statement

Copyright is held by the author. Permanently suppressed.


40 pages

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