Date of Award


Document Type

Doctoral Research Paper

Degree Name


Organizational Unit

Graduate School of Professional Psychology

First Advisor

Jennifer Erikson Cornish

Second Advisor

John McNeill

Third Advisor

Cheryl Prevendar Zuber


Supervision, Client outcome, Supervision competency, Supervision quality


This doctoral paper explores the impact of supervision quality on client outcomes. There is currently limited literature addressing the effect of supervision quality on the treatment outcomes of doctoral trainees’ clients. This doctoral paper first reviews historical and recent literature on supervision and client outcomes. It then discusses the characteristics of high quality supervision along with a relevant case example. The paper then addresses the characteristics of poor quality supervision by both noting its potential impact on client outcomes and identifying a plan of action for when a clinical psychologist or other clinical psychology professional exhibits these characteristics in his or her provision of supervision to trainees. A case example is also provided to illuminate the impact of poor quality supervision on clients and their treatment outcomes. Supervision quality is determined using Falender et al.’s (2004) supervision competencies (as part of the essential elements) as a template and for comparison.

Copyright Statement / License for Reuse

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Publication Statement

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31 pages