Understanding Changes in Gross Cognitive Functioning and Disability in the Year Following TBI for Individuals with a History of Special Education
Date of Award
Graduate School of Professional Psychology
Kimberly Gorgens, Ph.D., ABPP
Second Committee Member
Clayton Kuklick, Ph.D.
Third Committee Member
Don Gerber, Ph.D. ABPP
Traumatic brain injury, Special education, Cognitive function
Objective: Little is known about cognitive functioning and disability over time for adults with a history of special education that sustain moderate to severe TBI. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between a history of special education and outcomes on an assessment of estimated gross cognitive functioning and disability following TBI, with an emphasis on improvement in cognitive function in the year following TBI. Method: using archival data from the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems, improvement in cognitive functioning was evaluated by comparing both groups on the change observed in their mean FIM scores from admissions to 1-year follow-up. Overall differences in impairment at both time points were also compared. Results: After controlling for injury severity there was no significant difference in improvement observed between the group with a history of special education and the control group. In addition, no significant differences at either discrete time point (admissions and 1-year follow-up) were observed. Conclusion: this study found that the improvement in estimated gross cognitive functioning of adults with moderate to severe brain injury and a history of special education is similar to that of a control group when using the FIM assessment. Differences between the two groups might be detected with more sensitive, objective, cognitive testing.
Weinberg, Hannah, "Understanding Changes in Gross Cognitive Functioning and Disability in the Year Following TBI for Individuals with a History of Special Education" (2018). Graduate School of Professional Psychology: Doctoral Papers and Masters Projects. 324.