Date of Award

2019

Document Type

Doctoral Research Paper

Degree Name

Psy.D.

Department

Graduate School of Professional Psychology

First Advisor

Jennifer Cornish, Ph.D.

First Committee Member

John McNeill, Psy.D.

Second Committee Member

Chad Waxman, Psy.D.

Third Committee Member

Brian Gearity, Ph.D.

Keywords

Music therapy, Incompetent to proceed, Mental disability, Developmental disability, ACT

Publication Statement

Copyright held by the author.

Copyright Statement / License for Reuse

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Abstract

In Dusky v. the United States (1960), the Supreme Court ruled that the U.S. Constitution requires all defendants to be competent to proceed before the judge issues a verdict. Specifically, to stand trial, defendants must have a factual and rational understanding of court proceedings and the capacity to work with their attorneys. Those who are found incompetent to proceed frequently have severe and persistent mental illness and often exhibit cognitive deficits (Mossman et al., 2007). Competency restoration utilizes therapeutic services to treat symptoms that inhibit defendants from being opined competent to proceed. Existing research suggests music therapy can be used to modulate learning, decrease symptoms of mental illness, and enhance cognitive processes (Werner, Wosch, & Gold, 2017; Nilsson, 2008; Thompson & McFerran, 2015). This review of the literature describes the clinical implications of utilizing music therapy to enhance competency restoration programs and the mechanisms for change based upon Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. Ultimately, this enhancement will aim to provide effective services and decrease the length of stay and overall wait time of competency restoration.

Extent

44 pgs

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