Date of Award

8-2019

Document Type

Doctoral Research Paper

Degree Name

Psy.D.

Department

Graduate School of Professional Psychology

First Advisor

Brieanna Kohrt, Ph.D.

Second Committee Member

Athena Baca-Chieza, Psy.D.

Third Committee Member

Artur Poczwardowski, Ph.D.

Keywords

Suicide, Latinx, Grief, Religion, Familismo, Stigma

Publication Statement

Copyright held by the author.

Copyright Statement / License for Reuse

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Abstract

Introduction. In 2017, suicide was the 9th leading cause of death for all ages of the Latinx population living in the United States (National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018). These statistics point to the number of individuals from the Latinx community left to grieve a death by suicide and the need to further understand suicide-specific grief in this community. The purpose of the present systematic literature review was to (1) identify the cultural factors affecting grief in Latinx individuals, (2) identify themes of suicide-specific grief, and then (3) describe the way in which the identified cultural factors may influence suicide-specific grief in the Latinx population residing within the United States. Method: A systematic literature review was conducted using three databases and search terms relevant to suicide-specific grief and the Latinx population. One hundred and sixty-seven studies were identified, of which 49 were included in the full review process following the application of inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: Out of the 49 studies, 15 (30.6%) of them identified two Latinx cultural factors in the context of grief: familismo and religion. Forty-seven (96.0%) studies identified six themes of suicide-specific grief: stigma; emotional dysregulation; making sense of the death; sense of relief; posttraumatic growth; and social support. Conclusions: The two identified Latinx cultural factors, familismo and religion, affect suicide-specific grief in Latinx individuals, both in positive and negative manners. Limitations exist related to the studies’ sample size and composition. Future research should continue to explore the relationship between Latinx cultural factors and suicide-specific grief.

Extent

45 pgs

Paper Method

Theoretical Analysis and Synthesis

Available for download on Monday, July 05, 2021

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