Co-creation of Cross-cultural Supervision from a Lens of lntersubjective Systems Theory: Recommendations for Asian International Students in Supervision

Date of Award


Document Type

Doctoral Research Paper

Degree Name


Organizational Unit

Graduate School of Professional Psychology

First Advisor

Fernand Lubuguin

Second Advisor

Judith E. Fox

Third Advisor

Rohini Gupta

Fourth Advisor

Tatsiana I. Razzhavaikina


International students, Supervision, Intersubjective systems theory


Supervision is a crucial part of professional development and it can be complicated when supervisor and supervisee have different ethnic and cultural backgrounds. However, research on cross-cultural supervision of international students is limited and there is no conceptual or theoretical discussion on supervising this population from a lens of intersubjective systems theory. It is my belief that culturally competent supervision is a product of the co-constructed supervisor-supervisee relationship. The intersubjective approach to supervision is a collaborative venture of supervisors and supervisees, which is compatible to Asians’ cultural value of interdependence or we-relationship. This doctoral research project will address unique challenges that Asian international students often experience, such as language barriers, experiences of racism, relational disconnection, and cultural differences. In addition, I will describe issues related to cross-cultural supervision. I will also describe intersubjective systems theory and discuss the applicability of this theory as a supervision model for Asian international students. Finally, I will provide a list of recommendations grounded in the current literature review and intersubjective system theory.

Publication Statement

Copyright held by the author. Permanently suppressed.


53 pgs

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