Date of Award


Document Type

Doctoral Research Paper

Degree Name



Graduate School of Professional Psychology

First Advisor

Judith E. Fox, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Laura Jane Meyer, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Rebecca Howard, Psy.D.


Narrative therapy, Empowerment, Self-stigma, Courtesy stigma, Affiliate stigma, Children and adolescents

Publication Statement

Copyright held by the author. User is responsible for all copyright compliance.

Copyright Statement / License for Reuse

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


The effects of self-stigma on children and adolescents with mental health diagnoses is a documented psychological issue in academic literature; however, no studies or articles to date present strategies for reducing its negative effects. Additionally, very few studies have connected the experience of parental stigma, or courtesy/affiliate stigma, and its effects on child and family well-being. Self-stigma has been conceptualized as existing on the opposite end of the spectrum from empowerment, suggesting that empowerment may serve as a promising approach to tackling self-stigmatization. This paper presents a novel therapeutic intervention for reducing self-stigma in children, adolescents, and their families through a narrative therapy approach, which serves to increase psychological empowerment.


32 pgs

Paper Method

Treatment Manual