Date of Award
Doctoral Research Paper
Graduate School of Professional Psychology
John McNeill, Psy.D.
Peter Buirski, Ph.D.
Samantha McBride, Psy.D.
Animal-assisted therapy, Canine-assisted therapy, Exposure therapy
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Fear and anxiety are natural reactions to actual threat conditions but can become “pathological” when over-generalized avoidance interferes with long-term wellbeing and valued living. Pervasive experiential avoidance hinders natural extinction processes as it reduces repeated contact with feared stimuli, a condition necessary for extinction to occur. Exposure therapy (ET) is a clinical analogue of extinction, and one of the best evidence-based treatments for fear and anxiety. However, ET’s usefulness suffers in real-world clinical conditions. The current conceptual paper proposes that ET’s limitations may be overcome through a tailored approach that integrates animal-assisted therapy (AAT), specifically the use of dogs, to incorporate the judicious use of safety conditions during ET. This paper posits that these procedural adjustments might enhance ET’s perceived acceptability by clients and therapists, offer flexibility in use for individual clinical presentations, and amplify long-term treatment gains, thereby targeting some of ET’s current limitations that keep the promise of this approach from those who may benefit from it.
Bono, Stephanie B., "Canine-Assisted Exposure Therapy" (2021). Graduate School of Professional Psychology: Doctoral Papers and Masters Projects. 427.
Theoretical Analysis and Synthesis