Date of Award


Document Type

Doctoral Research Paper

Degree Name



Graduate School of Professional Psychology

First Advisor

Apryl A. Alexander, Psy.D.

Second Advisor

Kimberly Gorgens, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

David Pyrooz, Ph.D.


Forensics, Adolescents, Gangs, Attachment, Personality, Juvenile delinquency

Publication Statement

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Risk factors for juvenile delinquency and gang membership are essentially identical, although only a certain subset of justice-involved youth join gangs. In an attempt to identify factors that differentiate justice-involved youth in gangs from justice-involved youth not in gangs, the present study compared attachment styles and personality traits of 406 detained justice-involved youth, 154 of whom were gang-involved and 252 of whom were not. Results showed no significant differences in personality traits or attachment styles between justice-involved youth in gangs and not in gangs. However, results demonstrated attachment styles and personality traits characteristic of both groups of justice-involved youth.


44 pgs

Paper Method

Empirical - Quantitative

Available for download on Thursday, August 31, 2023