Strive United: Answering the Call to Support Athletes Through Retirement from Sport

Date of Award


Document Type

Doctoral Research Paper

Degree Name



Graduate School of Professional Psychology

First Advisor

Jamie Shapiro, Ph.D., CMPC

Second Advisor

Lavita Nadkarni, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Jason Nupp, Psy.D., ABPP


Athlete, Sport, Retirement, Transition

Publication Statement

Copyright is held by the author. Permanently suppressed.


In this paper, the author investigates athlete retirement from sport, including a review of current research, existing programs supporting athlete retirement, and a proposal for a research-informed athlete retirement program. Researchers have found that athletic identity, sources of support, perceptions of control, and amount of time for retirement planning are important factors in transition out of sport. Existing programs, however, focus mainly on career transition and do not include components to help facilitate identity formation outside sport, social support and community, and resource building. The proposed athlete retirement program in this paper includes broader services to athletes beyond career transition to support athletes towards a healthy transition out of sport.


42 pgs

Paper Method

Program Evaluation/Development

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