Date of Award


Document Type

Doctoral Research Paper

Degree Name


Organizational Unit

Graduate School of Professional Psychology

First Advisor

Carrie Landin

Second Advisor

Jennifer Tippett

Third Advisor

Erica Adkins

Fourth Advisor

Marcela Ot’alora


Multicultural issues, Liberation psychology, Cultural humility, Contextual frameworks, Psychedelic assisted psychotherapy


Psychedelic assisted psychotherapy (PAP) is a psychotherapeutic modality in which the non-ordinary states of consciousness that result from the consumption of psychedelic medicines are utilized to facilitate therapeutic healing. A wide range of cultures have used a variety of these psychotropic substances as medicines since ancient times, and there has been a resurgence of interest in their beneficial properties across many disciplines including psychology. Given that there are extra dimensions of vulnerability in using these medicines therapeutically, increased attention needs to be given to diversity, equity, and inclusion across psychedelic research and clinical practices. This paper focuses on how internal and external non-drug factors (set and setting) as well as systemic factors, are potential avenues to both increase the potential benefits and reduce the potential harms of PAP. Beginning with a literature review of PAP, cultural humility, liberation psychology, and culturally responsive behaviorism, I set the foundation for how these contextual frameworks can be integrated with PAP. Ultimately, I highlight how this novel combination of approaches can engender greater equity in PAP for diverse populations.

Copyright Statement / License for Reuse

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Publication Statement

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43 pgs