Psychosocial Distress Screening in a Community Cancer Center: An Examination of Gender Differences
Date of Award
Graduate School of Professional Psychology
First Committee Member
Second Committee Member
Cancer; Quantitative Research; Assessment; Gender; Distress
Objective: The aim of this study was to gain a better understanding of the needs of male and female oncology patients within a community cancer setting to inform the provision of psychosocial services. Data obtained from 835 single-page measures of oncology patient distress were collected and analyzed to examine the relationship between gender and reported level of distress, the source of this distress, and requests for follow-up from psychosocial service providers.Method: Patients in medical and radiation oncology were given a distress screener tool that included a distress thermometer, a problem checklist, and a list of psychosocial service providers with whom the patient could request to speak.Results: Women reported higher levels of distress than men (p=.003). Women were also more likely than men to endorse practical problems as the cause of their distress (p=.003). A marginally significant relationship between gender and requesting the cancer resource navigator was also found (p=. 059)Conclusion: Gender is a salient factor in reported distress among cancer patients. Although no single variable can entirely explain an individual's response to cancer, male and female patients do appear to have distinctive, gender-specific needs. Psychosocial interventions that account for differences related to gender-role may be particularly beneficial. These results also illustrate the utility of consistent screening practices to better understand and meet the psychosocial needs of oncology
Glaze, Kelly, "Psychosocial Distress Screening in a Community Cancer Center: An Examination of Gender Differences" (2012). Graduate School of Professional Psychology: Doctoral Papers and Masters Projects. 89.