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Document Type

Lesson Plan

Organizational Units

College of Arts Humanities and Social Sciences, English and Literary Arts


Victorian studies, Asia, Europe, America, Opium, Social structure, Environmental transformation


The connection and clash between Asia and the Anglophone world were, in part, facilitated by what David T. Courtwright calls the “psychoactive revolution,” a process in which hunger, the need for food, was replaced by desire and addiction in the modern world. Networks between these regions deepened and proliferated as stimulants and sedatives such as tea, opium, and coffee became increasingly accessible and popular around the globe.

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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Copyright is held by the author. User is responsible for all copyright compliance.

This lesson plan was originally created as:

Menglu Gao, les. plan dev. “Psychoactive Revolution and Transnational Networks.” Waiyee Loh, Hyungji Park, Jessica R. Valdez, Rae X. Yan, collab. peer revs.; Sophia Hsu, les. plan clust. dev. Undisciplining the Victorian Classroom, 2022,

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Menglu Gao


Received from author

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English (eng)


10 pgs

File Size

559 KB

Publication Title

Undisciplining the Victorian Classroom