Date of Award
Josef Korbel School of International Studies
Paul R. Viotti, Ph.D.
Genocide, Humanitarian intervention, Humanitarianism, Military, United Nations, United States
Late in the summer of 2014, tens of thousands of persecuted minorities fled a genocidal onslaught and took refuge on Mt. Sinjar in Iraq. Stranded by indiscriminate ISIS mortar fire, the group known as the Yezidi faced dehydration and exposure to extreme temperatures on the barren mountain. Ten days later the majority of the trapped Yezidi individuals had escaped through a protected corridor on the ground. This paper analyzes the international response to the Complex Emergency (CE) through network analysis as an alternative to existing civil-military frameworks. Complex Adaptive System (CAS) analysis is used to explain actions in a non-hierarchical environment. Salient strategies that worked to produce a positive humanitarian outcome at Mt. Sinjar are identified. The results suggest that only the humanitarian community was effective in assessing the onset of the crisis, while the task of protecting civilians against a murderous military force was left to the United States. The media was briefly able to exert enough pressure on the attentive public and elites in the US to respond to the crisis, through what has been labeled the "CNN effect"
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Jones, Trevor C., "Humanitarian Intervention at Mt. Sinjar, Iraq: A Complex Adaptive System Analysis" (2015). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 1085.
Received from ProQuest
International Relations, Social Research, Political Science