Date of Award
Gregory Robbins, Ph.D.
Alison Schofield, Ph.D.
Eve, Feminism, Genesis, Jewish, Lilith
Throughout the religious history of American feminism, Jewish feminist biblical interpretation shifted attention away from Eve as a viable example of women's identities. Instead, Lilith, the independent, "demon" and "first wife" of Adam is praised as a symbol of female sexuality for "Transformationist" Jewish feminists. Re-claiming Lilith as the "first Eve," "Transformationist" Jewish feminists turn scripture on its head. Eve's creation and her actions in Genesis are interpreted as a product of patriarchy and male dominance, while Lilith in the midrashic narrative, the Alphabet of Ben Sira, is used by Jewish feminists to reclaim their identities on religious and spiritual levels.
This thesis explores the history of "Transformationist" Jewish feminism to understand the methods by which scripture is interpreted, and ultimately arrive at new working interpretations of Genesis 1-3 andThe Alphabet of Ben Sira. This thesis' significance lies in an exploration of Jewish feminism's ability to cross religious and gender boundaries.
Carvalho, Diana, "Woman Has Two Faces: Re-Examining Eve and Lilith in Jewish Feminist Thought" (2009). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 115.
Received from ProQuest
Biblical studies, Women's studies, Judaic studies