Date of Award
College of Arts Humanities and Social Sciences, Anthropology
Lawrence B. Conyers, Ph.D.
Estaban Gomez, Ph.D.
Frédérique Chevillot, Ph.D.
Dugout canoes, Florida archaeology, Geographic information system, Ground penetrating radar, Network analysis, Underwater ground penetrating radar
The focus of this research is the application of two computational methods in modeling pre-Columbian dugout canoe use on Florida's ancient transportation network. Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) was used to locate what appear to be multiple unexcavated canoes inundated in the lake-bottom of Lake Santa Fe, a lake in close proximity to Newnans Lake, which contains the largest number of ancient canoes in the world. The identification of multiple canoes in Lake Santa Fe supported the recent idea that this lake may have served as a transit point within Florida's pre-Columbian transportation network. A Geographic Information System (GIS) was then used to model this navigation network, using metrics derived from previously recorded canoes. Florida's canoes with both spatial coordinates and radiometric dates were then placed into this navigation network by calculating transportation routes between canoe locations and contemporaneous archaeological sites interpreted as aggregation centers. These analyses help to demonstrate how archaeological canoes represent more than isolated artifacts, positing an alternative perspective that links canoes to anthropological regarding place and landscape.
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Received from ProQuest
Ackermann, Brandon, "Archaeological Computer Modeling of Florida's Pre-Columbian Dugout Canoes: Integrating Ground-Penetrating Radar and Geographic Information Science" (2019). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 1556.
Archaeology, Geophysics, Geographic information science and geodesy