Date of Award

1-1-2019

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.A.

Department

Anthropology

First Advisor

Lawrence B. Conyers

Keywords

Dugout canoes, Florida archaeology, GIS, GPR, Network analysis, Underwater GPR

Abstract

The focus of this research is the application of two computational methods in modeling pre-Columbian dugout canoe use on Floridaâ??s ancient transportation network. Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) was used to locate what appear to be multiple unexcavated canoes inundated in the lake-bottom of Lake Santa Fe, a lake in close proximity to Newnans Lake, which contains the largest number of ancient canoes in the world. The identification of multiple canoes in Lake Santa Fe supported the recent idea that this lake may have served as a transit point within Floridaâ??s pre-Columbian transportation network. A Geographic Information System (GIS) was then used to model this navigation network, using metrics derived from previously recorded canoes. Floridaâ??s canoes with both spatial coordinates and radiometric dates were then placed into this navigation network by calculating transportation routes between canoe locations and contemporaneous archaeological sites interpreted as aggregation centers. These analyses help to demonstrate how archaeological canoes represent more than isolated artifacts, positing an alternative perspective that links canoes to anthropological regarding place and landscape.

Provenance

Recieved from ProQuest

Rights holder

Brandon Ackermann

File size

204 p.

File format

application/pdf

Language

en

Discipline

Archaeology, Geophysics, Geographic information science and geodesy

Share

COinS