Date of Award
College of Natual Science and Mathematics, Chemistry and Biochemistry
Erich G. Chapman, Ph.D.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Protein aggregation, TDP-43, TAR-DNA-binding protein
Protein aggregation and inclusion body formation are hallmarks of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, Huntington's, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). These neurodegenerative diseases share a common pathology in that all include accumulation of insoluble protein aggregates in the brain. TAR-DNA-binding protein (TDP-43) is the major component found in the pathological inclusions of two of these diseases, ALS and frontotemporal lobar degeneration with ubiquitin-positive inclusions (FTLD-U). This thesis focuses upon the biophysical basis for TDP-43 aggregation in S. cerevisiae. Current in vitro evidence indicates that TDP-43 is a natively dimeric protein and that binding to RNA inhibits aggregation. Corresponding genetic results in yeast in which specific components of the RNA-decay machinery have been knocked-out, indicate that the buildup of specific cellular RNAs is capable of counteracting TDP-43 aggregation and toxicity in vivo. This thesis provides evidence of separate pathologies of TDP-43 and TDP-43 mutants in S. Cerevisiae. This thesis also introduces preliminary data of the effect of in vitro synthesized RNA on TDP-43 toxicity.
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Martin Anthony Aguilar
Received from ProQuest
Aguilar, Martin Anthony, "Relationship Between TDP-43 Toxicity and Aggregation in Saccharomyces Cerevisiae" (2018). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 1557.