Date of Award
Josef Korbel School of International Studies, International Studies
Micheline Ishay, Ph.D.
Boulanger, Gramsci, Hegemony, Non-hegemony, Populism, Third Republic of France
Increasingly liberal states are facing challenges from populist movements. This paper argues that the prison writings of Antonio Gramsci can provide important insights into the phenomenon and how to counteract it. The first two sections outline a set of Gramscian analytical tools: hegemony, non-hegemony, passive revolution, and Caesarism. These theoretical tools are then applied to different periods of the Third Republic of France, 1870-1940. This paper looks at this French example because it features unique relationships between populism, ideology, and the experience of liberalism prior to World War II. The third section demonstrates the implications of non-hegemony within international society, and how it affects and shapes states' domestic lives and inter-state relations.
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Luke William Mooberry
Received from ProQuest
Mooberry, Luke William, "Gramscian Perspectives on Populism" (2019). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 1605.