Date of Award


Document Type

Masters Thesis

Degree Name


Organizational Unit

College of Arts Humanities and Social Sciences, Anthropology

First Advisor

Bonnie Clark, Ph.D.


Coal mining, Domestic archaeology, Feminist achaeology, Historical archaeology, Household archaeology


The Industrial Mine at Superior, operating from 1895 to 1945, was one of many coal mines situated within a region known as the Colorado Northern Coal fields. It is exceptional only in that it was one of the largest coal producers in the area and because it was the sole mine in the region with both a company town and company store. Through comparative analysis with the previously investigated mine camp in the southern Colorado coal fields at Berwind, this thesis examines how camp housing structured the lives of women living at the Industrial Mine, as well as how women's social networks may have played a role in creating the solidarity needed to fuel labor movements in the early half of the twentieth century. Archaeological investigation and oral histories highlight the ways in which women, through their daily lives, shaped life in camp housing and contributed to labor struggles.

Publication Statement

Copyright is held by the author. User is responsible for all copyright compliance.

Rights Holder

Laura Gwynne Vernon


Received from ProQuest

File Format




File Size

192 p.


Archaeology, History