Date of Award

2020

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.A.

Department

English

First Advisor

Eleanor McNees

Second Advisor

W. Scott Howard

Third Advisor

Sandra Dixon

Keywords

Literature, Religion in literature

Abstract

This thesis explores the ways in which Desdemona in William Shakespeare’s Othello (1603/4) and Pompilia in Robert Browning’s The Ring and the Book (1868) exemplify female characters whose testimonies highlight their souls’ salvation and demonstrate that they ultimately transcend their domestic roles. This thesis engages historical scholars who discuss the tensions between the Roman Catholic and Anglican churches and the state in early modern and Victorian England, and literary scholars who focus on Desdemona and Pompilia as either submissive or possessing agency. This thesis includes the work of developmental psychologist, Carol Gilligan, to show how Desdemona and Pompilia emphasize care and community. This thesis concentrates on historical and religious backgrounds, with a focus on martyrdom, testimony, equivocation, hagiography, and femininity. Furthermore, it compares Desdemona’s and Pompilia’s speeches to those of their husbands through close readings of the primary texts. Desdemona’s and Pompilia’s adherence to spiritual salvation and relationship, as shown through their use of testimonial and martyrological rhetoric, ultimately reveals they have agency and power over their stories.

Publication Statement

Copyright is held by the author. User is responsible for all copyright compliance.

Provenance

Received from ProQuest

Rights holder

Martha Clare Brinkman

File size

96 p.

File format

application/pdf

Language

en

Discipline

English literature, Literature, Religion

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