Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name


Organizational Unit

Morgridge College of Education, Counseling Psychology

First Advisor

Patton Garriott

Second Advisor

Judy Marquez Kiyama

Third Advisor

Trisha Raque-Bogdan

Fourth Advisor

P. Bruce Uhrmacher


Critical consciousness, Cultural wealth, Family encouragement, First-generation college student, Resilience, Work volition


Although understanding of FGCS’s success in higher education has been enhanced over the last decade, less is known about their career and educational development, and how their strengths and assets promote college success. The purpose of this study was to explore the relations between first-generation college student (FGCS, [N= 130]) cultural wealth variables, work volition, and outcomes (i.e., academic major satisfaction, persistence, and well-being) using the Critical Cultural Wealth Model (CCWM; Garriott, 2020). Results of regression analyses partially supported CCWM propositions. Significant, positive correlations were observed between resilience and work volition, academic major satisfaction, and well-being. Significant, positive correlations were also observed between family encouragement and work volition, academic major satisfaction, and well-being. Critical consciousness correlated in unexpected directions with the criterion variables. Specifically, critical consciousness related to perceived inequality was significantly, negatively correlated with work volition; critical consciousness related to egalitarianism was significantly, negatively associated with academic major satisfaction; and critical consciousness related to sociopolitical involvement was significantly, negatively correlated with work volition and well-being. In line with predictions, work volition was significantly, positively correlated with well-being and academic major satisfaction. Work volition also explained relations between cultural wealth and outcome variables in each indirect effects model. Implications for research and practice are discussed, including recommendations for ways to promote FGCS work volition.

Publication Statement

Copyright is held by the author. User is responsible for all copyright compliance.

Rights Holder

Eve M. F. Sussman


Received from ProQuest

File Format




File Size

154 p.


Counseling psychology, Higher education