Date of Award
Juan Carlos Lopez
Coronary heart disease, Diabetes, Economics, Social determinants of health, South Asian, South Asian immigrants
An astounding 20% of South Asian Americans have diabetes (Matthews and Zachariah 2008). Conventional risk factors for coronary heart disease includes: age older than 65, sedentary lifestyle, cigarette smoking, hypertension, elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL), cholesterol, and type 2 diabetes, all factors beyond health care (italicized for emphasis) (Mathews and Zachariah 2008). But conventional risk factors alone are not sufficient to predict the alarmingly high rates of coronary heart disease (“CHD”) for South Asian Americans. In fact, the only conventional risk factor more prevalent in this community than others is diabetes. So, the question remains, what factors are contributing to the high rates of diabetes and coronary heart disease amongst the South Asian American community?
After conducting a review of the literature surrounding the topics of the social determinants of health (e.g., lifestyle habits, socio-economic status, etc.), and the health outcomes of South Asian Americans/South Asian American immigrants, a survey study is designed to further probe into the question of what is causing high rates of diabetes and CHD in this community. Findings indicate that gender, class, diet, exercise, financial and language barriers to access to health care, and mental health/isolation are key contributors to this issue. South Asian immigrants are more prone to their effects as they experience worse health outcomes at a higher rate than their domestic-born counterparts. Possible means to addressing these concerns includes implementing: language access programs, free health lines, neighborhood-based education programs, and discounts/health-based incentives.
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Ayaz, Mishal, "The Social Determinants of Diabetes and Coronary Heart Disease in South Asian American Immigrants" (2021). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 1893.
Received from ProQuest
Economics, Public health