Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name


Organizational Unit

Morgridge College of Education, Counseling Psychology

First Advisor

Maria T. Riva

Second Advisor

Duan Zhang

Third Advisor

Andi Pusavat

Fourth Advisor

Sandra Dixon


Novice supervisee, Risk-taking, Supervisee anxiety, Supervisee self-efficacy, Supervision, Supervisory alliance


Supervisee risk-taking is the process by which supervisees take the new skills and interventions they learn in supervision and implement them in therapy with clients. Risk-taking overlaps with many of the skills supervision is intended to develop: clinical decision-making, supervisee self-efficacy, supervisee skill development, and clinical reflection (Bambling & King, 2014; Ellis et al., 2014; Rousmaniere et al., 2016; Wilson et al., 2016). Risk-taking has not been examined before the in the supervision literature, however, it is an important process to understand as it represents a process bridging supervision and clinical practice. The current study was an exploratory study intended to examine whether the strength of the supervisory relationship facilitates novice supervisee risk-taking in therapy. Results of the study did not find a significant relationship between the supervisory alliance and supervisee risk-taking. However, survey responses and interviews with participants illuminated the types of behaviors novice supervisees consider risky and how they make decisions around taking risks with clients. Their responses suggest that novice supervisees take risks with their clients as they try to meet their clients’ needs in the moment. Analysis found that 77.8% (n=7) of supervisees interviewed decided to take a risk to benefit either the client, therapeutic relationship, or treatment goals. Furthermore, results from the interviews revealed that for 88.9% (n=8) of supervisees, the risk was worth taking and increased their desire to take more risks in the future. Future research is recommended to understand how supervision can help supervisees make meaning of these risks.

Publication Statement

Copyright is held by the author. User is responsible for all copyright compliance.

Rights Holder

Aleis Pugia


Received from ProQuest

File Format




File Size

127 pgs


Counseling psychology