Date of Award


Document Type

Dissertation in Practice

Degree Name


Organizational Unit

Morgridge College of Education, Teaching and Learning Sciences, Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Norma L. Hafenstein

Second Advisor

Rashida Banerjee

Third Advisor

Stephen Chou

Fourth Advisor

Paul Michalec


Exceptionality, Identification, Identity, Intellectual potential, Parent perception, Twice-exceptional


This research study examined the parent perceptions of and relationships among intellectual potential, academic achievement, and the order of identification of exceptionality for twice-exceptional students. Twice-exceptional students exhibit both giftedness and a learning disability or difference. Consistently and equitably identifying and serving twice-exceptional students is a persistent problem of practice in the field of education (Artiles et al., 2010; Gentry et al., 2019; List & Dykeman, 2019; Moon & Reis, 2004; Webb et al., 2019). This study was supported by a community partner, a private educational testing and advocacy agency in a Western state.

This mixed methods study utilized a two-phase research design. The quantitative phase consisted of data analysis of assessment records of twice exceptional students. These data were collected by the community partner and de-identified and shared with the researcher. Quantitative data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and Welch t-tests. For the qualitative phase, participants were recruited through the community partner. Participants engaged in two hour-long interviews to share their perceptions of the experiences of their twice-exceptional child. Qualitative data were analyzed and presented in a narrative format to explore patterns and themes. Data were interpreted through the lens of identity formation, and the conceptual frames of intersectionality, stereotype threat, and self-concept.

Publication Statement

Copyright is held by the author. User is responsible for all copyright compliance.

Rights Holder

Robin Goldin Tobin


Received from ProQuest

File Format




File Size

179 pgs


Gifted education, Disability studies, Education