Date of Award


Document Type

Dissertation in Practice

Degree Name


Organizational Unit

Morgridge College of Education, Teaching and Learning Sciences, Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Norma Hafenstein

Second Advisor

Paul Michalec

Third Advisor

Stacy Pinto


Course authors, Instructional design, Instructional design processes, Motivation, Online course design, Subject matter experts


The purpose of this study is to identify the motivational elements of formal online instructional design processes that are being implemented at traditional institutions of higher education (IHEs) in the United States (U.S.). For this study, I conducted a comprehensive literature review identifying emerging issues of practice for instructional design partnerships between the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic during the spring of 2022 and the spring of 2023. This study was developed through the lens of Keller’s (2010) attention, relevance, confidence, satisfaction, and volition (ARCS-V) model of motivation. An understanding of the elements of current processes that present as benefits and potential barriers to the motivation of participating course authors is vital to the research questions for this study. Keller’s (2010) ARCS-V model provides an industry recognized theoretical framework for interpreting participant responses with respect to motivation. This qualitative study was conducted using a modified Delphi method requiring two rounds of active participation from panelists through the completion of a questionnaire generated from existing literature on the topic, and a final member check. The modified structure is intended to respect the time limitations of course authors who have recently reported increasing difficulty with meeting the demands of the longer timelines favored for designing online courses (June, 2020; Nworie, 2021).

Publication Statement

Copyright is held by the author. User is responsible for all copyright compliance.

Rights Holder

Heather L. D. Tobin


Received from ProQuest

File Format




File Size

210 pgs


Instructional design, Adult education, Educational technology