The Relationship Between Femininity Ideology and Overt and Relational Aggression and Peer Victimization Among Girls
Date of Award
Jeffrey M. Jenson, Ph.D.
Julie A. Laser
Adolescent girls, Aggression, Bullying, Feminine ideals
This study examined the relationship between gender socialization, assessed by the gender ideologies of inauthenticity in relationships and body objectification (Tolman & Porche, 2000), and overt and relational aggression and peer victimization among 212 girls in five Denver, Colorado public middle schools. A feminist developmental perspective was used to 1) examine whether internalized norms of femininity were related to overt and relational aggression and peer victimization; 2) evaluate whether girls used certain types of aggressive behavior to adhere to, or reject, norms of femininity; and 3) assess whether girls who were victimized were more likely than other girls to internalize such norms. Findings from structural equation modeling analyses revealed little empirical support for the hypothesized relationships between norms of femininity and girls' aggressive behavior. A significant relationship, however, was found between inauthentic self in relationships with others and peer victimization. This finding indicated that girls who were more likely to be inauthentic in their relationships with others had higher rates of peer victimization than other girls. Implications of these findings for developmental theory, research, and social work practice are delineated.
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Powell, Anne, "The Relationship Between Femininity Ideology and Overt and Relational Aggression and Peer Victimization Among Girls" (2009). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 522.
Received from ProQuest