The Social Determinants of HIV/AIDS in Cambodia: Is It Too Early to Call Micro Medical Efforts a Success?
Date of Award
Yavuz Yasar, Ph.D.
Peter Sai-Win Ho
Cambodia, Economic policy, HIV, AIDS, Social determinants of health
Cambodia, a least developed country (LDC) with a recent history of civil war and genocide, has been widely considered to be a success story when it comes to the fight against HIV/AIDS. Within a few years of the first HIV positive blood test in the kingdom in 1991, it quickly became the country with the highest prevalence in the region, with estimates of as many as 4% of the population being infected at one point.
In recent years, Cambodia's HIV/AIDS infection rates have plummeted to below 1%, with most of the credit being given to the implementation of micro-medical measures, such as a 100% condom use campaign among sex workers and clean needle programs. While these steps are necessary, and undoubtedly beneficial, a closer examination of the underlying social and economic factors that helped spur the initial epidemic - the social determinants of HIV/AIDS in Cambodia - suggest that the fight may be far from over. In fact, ongoing structural changes in the Cambodian economy may be placing Cambodians at a higher risk for contracting the disease. Accordingly, in this study, we examine the social determinants of HIV/AIDS in Cambodia, as well as possible implications for the future.
Through a review of the primary underlying determinants of HIV/AIDS - we find that there may be greater cause for concern than available data suggests.
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Sherwood, Matthew Aaron, "The Social Determinants of HIV/AIDS in Cambodia: Is It Too Early to Call Micro Medical Efforts a Success?" (2011). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 597.
Received from ProQuest
Matthew Aaron Sherwood