Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2017

Organizational Units

Chemistry and Biochemistry

Abstract

The University of Denver repeated its 2013 fuel specific gaseous and particle emission measurements on two California heavy-duty vehicle fleets. In 2015 1,457 measurements at the Port of Los Angeles and 694 measurements at the Cottonwood weigh station in northern California were collected. The Port fleet changed little since 2013, increasing the average age (+1.8 years), accompanied by an increase in particle mass (PM) by +266% (0.03 ± 0.01 to 0.11 ± 0.01 gPM/kg of fuel) and black carbon (BC) by +300% (0.02 ± 0.003 to 0.08 ± 0.01 gBC/kg of fuel). Particle number (PN) also increased (1.5 x 1014 ± 2.5 x 1013 to 2.8 x 1014 ± 2.8 x 1013 PN/kg of fuel) by a smaller percentage (+87%). 2008 and 2009 chassis model year vehicles currently dominate the fleet, accounting for the majority of these increases. The long-haul Cottonwood fleet decreased in fleet age (-0.6 model years), where half the decreases in fuel specific PM (-66%), BC (-65%) and PN (-19%) emissions are due to the newer fleet; an increased fraction of pre-2008 chassis model year vehicles with retrofit diesel particulate filters (DPFs) account for the remaining reductions. These opposing emissions trends emphasize the importance of fully functional DPFs.

Copyright Statement/License for Reuse

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Publication Statement

This is an Accepted Manuscript for

Haugen, M. J.; Bishop, G. A. (2017) Repeat Fuel Specific Emission Measurements on Two California Heavy-Duty Truck Fleets. Environ. Sci. Technol., 51(7), 4100-4107. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b06172.

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